Melanelixia subaurifera (Nyl.) O. Blanco & al.

It differs from our other species of Melanelixia by the spot, later confluent soralia on which small isidia are formed. These are easily wiped off and the exposed white medulla turns slightly yellow over time. Another characteristic feature of the species is its 'chocolate' colour.

It is a common epiphytic lichen which grows on acidic to sub-neutral bark of mainly deciduous trees and shrubs, often as a pioneer on branches. The species has a wide ecological amplitude, being found on woody plants in open landscape as well as in open forests from lowlands to mountains. Rarely, it can also grow on wood and siliceous rocks. Its overall distribution is circumpolar-temporal-boreal. Due to acid rain, it was one of the relatively rare lichens in the Czech Republic in the second half of the 20th century. However, after the desulphurisation of power stations, it began to spread massively and nowadays it is one of the most abundant “parmelioid” lichens* in the Czech Republic.

taxonomic classification:

Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae Melanelixia

most frequented synonyms:Melanelia subaurifera
Red list:VU – vulnerable

Occurrence in the Czech Republic

All records: 603, confirmed 405. One click on a selected square displays particular record(s), including their source(s).


record after the selected year
record before the selected year
Doubtful and errorneous records are not displayed.
credible record
doubtful record
erroneous record
record without revision

Altitude preferences

Distribution Timeline

Substrate type

Substrate preferences

© Botanický ústav AV ČR, v. v. i. 2020–2023