The most common epiphytic member of the genus Parmelia and one of the most abundant foliose lichens in the Czech Republic. The species is widespread from the temperate to subarctic (respectively subantarctic) zone on both hemispheres and all continents. It is usually found on bark of deciduous wooden plants, but it grows also on conifers and sometimes also on wood and rocks (typically under trees). It occurs from lowlands to mountains across the whole Czech Republic. The lichen is not too sensitive to air pollution and therefore may be seen even in cities.
Recently, a few morphologically very similar species have been set apart from the taxon based on molecular data. One of those, P. barrenoae occurs in the Czech Republic as well. A combination of various characteristics (ideally on a well-developed specimens) or DNA is necessary for their reliable identification. In view of the obvious rarity of P. barrenoae, most Czech findings are automatically classified as P. sulcata.taxonomic classification:
All records: 1670, confirmed 918. One click on a selected square displays particular record(s), including their source(s).