Parmotrema perlatum (Huds.) M. Choisy

A widespread species of moist regions from tropical to temperate zone including Europe. It grows mainly on deciduous trees, but also on mossy siliceous rocks in open forests, in humid regions even in the open landscape. The species is slightly acidophilic, but sensitive to acid rain and eutrophication. Its distribution in the Czech Republic, similar to that of other sensitive epiphytic species, has undergone dramatic changes over the last 100 years. Back in the first half of the 20th century, P. perlatum was known from a number of localities, mainly as an epiphyte. Data on its occurrence from the second half of the 20th century are completely lacking. It was only in the early 21st century when the lichen started to appear again. Nowadays, the species is quite common in the western half of the Czech Republic. Most often, it is found on larch and shrubs (Prunus spinosa, Crataegus sp.). Furthermore, it seeks canopies of deciduous trees (e.g. ash), where it may be partly overlooked. Interesting are the saxicolous occurrences in serpentine localities (Holoubkovské Hadce, Hadce u Želivky). The lichen avoids high altitudes. It differs from other Parmotrema species by the content of stictic acid in medulla and therefore by its K+ yellow reaction.

Literature: Šoun J., Bouda F., Kocourková J., Malíček J., Palice Z., Peksa O., Svoboda D. & Vondrák J. (2017): Zajímavé nálezy lišejníků z čeledi Parmeliaceae v České republice. – Bryonora 60: 46–64. Vondrák J. & Liška J. (2010): Changes in distribution and substrate preferences of selected threatened lichens in the Czech Republic. – Biologia 65: 595–602.

taxonomic classification:

Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae Parmotrema

most frequented synonyms:Parmotrema chinense

Red List (Liška & Palice 2010):CR – critically endangered
Red List (Malíček 2023):C3 – endangered

Occurrence in the Czech Republic

All records: 56, confirmed 53. One click on a selected square displays particular record(s), including their source(s).


record after the selected year
record before the selected year
records without date
Doubtful and erroneous records are not displayed.
credible record
doubtful record
erroneous record
record without revision

Altitude preferences

Distribution Timeline

Substrate type

Substrate preferences

© Botanický ústav AV ČR, v. v. i. 2020–2024