Synalissa ramulosa (Hoffm. ex Bernh.) Fr.

A minute, well-recognizable lichen, resembling small cauliflowers, with purple coccoid cyanobacteria of the Gloeocapsa type and asci usually containing 16 or more almost spherical spores. The thalli are compact, with umbilicate attachment to the substrate, apothecia are terminal on swollen lobes.

Synalissa ramulosa grows on natural rock outcrops with periodic water seepage, usually on limestone, more rarely on other substrates, including silicates, rich in or secondarily enriched with calcium ions. In Europe, it is scattered from lowlands to mountains. In the Czech Republic, it is locally abundant in karst areas. Most of its recent localities are in central Bohemia and south Moravia.

taxonomic classification:

Ascomycota Lichinomycetes Lichinales Lichinaceae Synalissa

most frequented synonyms:Synalissa symphorea

Red List (Liška & Palice 2010):NT – near threatened
Red List (Malíček 2023):C3 – endangered

Occurrence in the Czech Republic

All records: 66, confirmed 49. One click on a selected square displays particular record(s), including their source(s).


record after the selected year
record before the selected year
records without date
Doubtful and erroneous records are not displayed.
credible record
doubtful record
erroneous record
record without revision

Altitude preferences

Distribution Timeline

Substrate type

Substrate preferences

© Botanický ústav AV ČR, v. v. i. 2020–2024