This species is characterised by its mostly brown squamules, sorediate on their margins and underside. It produces fumarprotocetraric acid (Pd+ red) and unknown substances "anthracophila-unknowns" (UV+ white). The common Hypocenomyce scalaris is a similar lichen, but contains gyrophoric acid (C+ red).
Carbonicola anthracophila grows mostly on burnt wood. Its European range covers mainly boreal coniferous forests, but it has been found in pine forests in the Mediterranean as well (e.g. Nimis 2016). The species is very rare in central Europe, known from only a few localities. The only Czech record comes from a scree near Plešné jezero lake in Šumava, where the species was found on a pine snag with no obvious signs of charring. Some neighbouring stumps, however, showed small signs of charring (Malíček et al. 2018).
Literature: Nimis P. L. (2016): The Lichens of Italy. A Second Annotated Catalogue. – EUT – Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste. Malíček J., Palice Z. & Vondrák J. (2018): Additions and corrections to the lichen biota of the Czech Republic. – Herzogia 31: 453–475.taxonomic classification: most frequented synonyms:Hypocenomyce anthracophila
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