Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm.

Recently a very rare epiphytic macrolichen, reported mostly from old-growth forests, which prefers mossy bark of old broad-leaved trees, such as Fagus sylvatica, Acer pseudoplatanus and A. platanoides. In Europe it is distributed mainly in (sub)oceanic areas and mountains rich in precipitations. More localities in the Czech Republic are currently known from the Šumava Mts. Single records have been reported from the Český les, Novohradské hory, Králický Sněžník a Beskydy Mts. In the past this species occurred in most of mountain ranges as well as submontane regions. It disappeared mainly due to air pollution in the second half of 20th century and an intensification of forest management. In sense of Central European nature protection, Lobaria pulmonaria is a typical umbrella species. It occurs almost exclusively at valuable and well-preserved sites with a high diversity of epiphytic lichens.

Literature: Liška J., Dětinský R. & Palice Z. (1996): Importance of the Šumava Mts. for the biodiversity of lichens in the Czech Republic [Význam Šumavy pro biodiverzitu lišejníků v České republice]. – Silva Gabreta 1: 71–81. Palice Z. (2017): Lichen biota of the Czech Republic. – In: Chytrý M. et al. (eds), Flora and Vegetation of the Czech Republic. Plant and Vegetation 14: 177–192, Springer, Cham.

taxonomic classification:

Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Peltigerales Lobariaceae Lobaria


Red list:CR – critically endangered

Occurrence in the Czech Republic

All records: 82, confirmed 74. One click on a selected square displays particular record(s), including their source(s).

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Altitude preferences

Distribution Timeline

Substrate type

Substrate preferences

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